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Methadone Clinics: Do they work?

methadone-clinicA methadone clinic is a facility which has been built up for the administering of methadone (Dolophine), a calendar II opioid pain-relieving, to the individuals who misuse heroin and different opioids. The center of these clinics is the disposal or lessening of opioid utilization by putting the patient on methadone. A few clinics additionally offer short-or-long haul detoxification administrations to their patients utilizing methadone. A typical term for the kind of treatment at a methadone facility is “substitution treatment”. While considered useful as a treatment technique, the utilization of this support treatment is frequently seen as dubious.

There are two sorts of methadone clinics, public and private. The public hospitals are typically less expensive to go to. Be that as it may, there is a holding up rundown because of constrained subsidizing. The private clinics are more costly to go to, however, as a rule, have either a short or no holding up rundown. In numerous parts of the countries, methadone clinics are few and far between, which presents issues for addicts looking for methadone treatment who live a long way from a facility.

methadoneDespite the fact that not required by control, individuals are urged to try different sorts of treatment methods before entering methadone treatment programs. While not confined to grown-ups, this treatment technique is not considered for people less than 18 years old. Starting 2013 because of the strict changes in getting medicine torment solution and also diminishes in remedy mishandle the necessities to be acknowledged into methadone clinics have changed in a few territories. Prerequisites for people to be taken into a methadone center incorporate mishandling sedatives for at least one year and utilizing 135 mg of Oxycodone, 90 mg of oxymorphone, six sacks of 25% unadulterated heroin and 200 mg of hydrocodone.

An essential piece of treatment for habit is advising. Methadone clinics are just to recover addicts from opioids. Clinics require participation at directing gatherings and also one-on-one sessions. It is acknowledged that the more pressing the counseling the individual will submit to, the higher the achievement rate of the program.

Methadone clinics work like whatever another drug rehab. The staff, for the most part, comprise of a doctor to screen the solutions and medicines and attendants to control the prescription and guarantee proficient conveyance. Moreover, medicate guides will be accessible for individual and gathering directing, and there will be authoritative staff to run the managerial capacities.

Outpatient Alcohol Rehab: Is It Right For Everyone?

alcohol-recoveryOutpatient services for alcohol rehabilitation are intended to treat people who do not have a severe addiction to alcohol. They are also encouraged for alcoholics who have gone through an initial stage of inpatient treatment. Although this treatment is quite popular and there are many outpatient facilities throughout the country many which are considered by most to expensive, there is little research on its effectiveness.

Outpatient procedures do not require overnight stays and usually include alcohol education, individual and group counseling, support for family members of the strong and case management. The outpatient treatments programs can be intense, requiring an alcoholic to attend four to five hours a day – every day of the week. They can also be held in the evening to allow a person to continue working. In some cases, outpatient treatment consists of weekly therapy sessions.

There are three behavioral treatments used to treat alcoholism. They are motivation enhancement therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and 12-step facilitation.

There are places that you can go to find outpatient alcohol treatment programs in your area. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) has a toll-free, 24-hour treatment referral service to help you. You can call 1-800-487-4889 for more information.

Other agencies include The American Council on Alcoholism. They have access to an online database to help search for outpatient rehab centers all over the US. They can be reached at 800-527-5344. There is also The National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Routing Service that offers lots of resource information. You can reach them at 800-662-HELP.

Aside from traditional Alcoholics Anonymous programs that are available in all communities, alternative programs include The Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS). This group encourages self-empowerment approaches to recovery from alcohol but attracts those who are uncomfortable with the spiritual content of AA. SMART Recovery is a self-management and recovery training program that is based on the principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Its four-point program enhances motivations to Abstain, discusses ways to cope with urges, offers problem-solving solutions, and helps an alcohol deal with lifestyle balances.

Liquor rehab focuses endeavor to bring a someone who has addicted again into compulsion free life and helping him in staying stable. They essentially concentrate on taking after a right liquor habit recuperation treatment that incorporates appropriate treatment, bunch communication and sharing each other’s backgrounds. Further, there is numerous Christian treatment focuses that additionally offer to verge on comparative treatment, yet take after otherworldly existence. They put stock in helping patients recuperating inwardly, physically and mentally by utilizing different religious components. At the end of the day, they use content from the sacred writings and plan to help addicts in taking right choices.

Programs offered by rehab centers are helpful, but only if the patient has the strong determination of coming out of his addiction and living a healthier life. If he is ready for the treatment, it is a right time to look for active alcohol or drug rehab center.

The Inside Scoop on Teeth Whitening

teeth whiteningWe live in an image-conscious society today, so accordingly there are increasing numbers of people who are looking to brighten their smiles through the whitening of their teeth. In this article, I will provide a general survey of some of the teeth whitening products available, most of which can be found on the shelves of your nearby drug store or supermarket. Hopefully, you will find this article helpful in deciding which products are the best ones for you.

Teeth whitening toothpaste is a popular option for many people. The cost is reasonable and using this type of toothpaste doesn’t require a large commitment of time. On the downside, the results of teeth whitening toothpaste often take weeks to see and appreciate.

Teeth whitening toothpastes are available over-the-counter, so the concentration of whitening agent it contains is going to be somewhat less than you would find in prescription whitening products. This is one reason why whitening toothpaste doesn’t yield dramatic, fast results. Over time, though, stains will be reduced as the enamel on the surface of your teeth are gently cleansed.

tooth whitening productsTeeth whitening strips are a good alternative to whitening toothpaste and offer better results, though they are also somewhat more expensive. Whitening strips are coated with a bleaching compound and are placed on your teeth for around half an hour. For best results, they should be worn a couple of times a day. Some brands of whitening strips contain a higher concentration of whitener, so less than thirty minutes of exposure to your teeth may be required.

The strips are very easy to use and come with everything you need. You can put the strips on during your leisure moments, and that makes them convenient as well.

The only downside is that the strips only whiten the front of the teeth. The gaps between the teeth do not receive the bleaching agent. As the fronts of the teeth whiten, the gaps may become more noticeable.

Because of this, some choose to use whitening gel instead. A quick application can whiten an entire tooth and therefore produce a more even effect.

In most cases, the best teeth whitening products and methods will be found at your dentist’s office. The downside, of course, to professional whitening treatments is that they cost a lot more. But the results can be quite dramatic, especially in the case of laser whitening where significant improvement is often seen after just one session. Pediatric dentists say tooth whitening should not be used on children or damaged teeth that may be sensitive.

One nonlaser tooth whitening option involves the use of a mouthpiece that has been molded to the shape and size of your mouth and filled with peroxide bleaching compound. Tray bleaching, as it is called, whitens your teeth more effectively and in less time than home teeth whitening products do.

What if you just cannot afford either professional or home teeth whitening? There is always the various home whitening remedies that many claim to have found to be effective over the years. These include things like using a toothpaste made from bicarbonate of soda or cleaning your teeth with a combination of lemon juice and salt. Do they work? Who knows, but it won’t cost you too much to find out.

Whether at the dentist’s office, the nearby drugstore or on a shelf at your local grocery store, there are teeth whitening products available for every budget. Decide which one might be the best for your situation and take that first step now toward white teeth and a better looking you.

How Dentists Can Save Your Damaged Teeth

damaged teethDentists in your community can help you keep your teeth healthy and looking as good as possible. They are also there to help you in the event of a dental emergency. For instance, what do you do when you chip a tooth? Let us take a look at that options below.

Chipped teeth are one of the most common of all dental traumas. The level of damage sustained and the size of the chip may vary, but what is certain is that the injury requires attention from a qualified team of dentists immediately. Do not delay in seeking professional assistance if you have injured a tooth.

What can be done if this happens to you? If you chip a tooth only a little, there is not likely to be a great deal of pain. However, you should still see your dental practitioner as soon as possible. You need the professional to examine the tooth to make sure that the structure of it has not been damaged in any way. A chip can weaken it and make it more vulnerable to cracks or other internal issues.

While a chip in a tooth may not be as serious as one that is broken or has been knocked out due to an accident, it is an emergency that needs to be treated immediately. Do not delay in calling the practice you visit.

dentists officeThe treatment for a chipped tooth or a few chipped teeth varies based upon how serious the situation is and the level of damage. There are several different procedures that your dental provider can suggest. Your treatment option depends on upon your particular set of circumstances.

Dental bonding is an option for one or many chips that have taken place. The area that has the chip will be filled with a resin composite material that is the same color as the natural tooth. It will be structured to fit the shape of the original tooth. During the procedure, a special type of light will be put to use to harden the resin on the surface. Following the procedure, your smile will not look as if an injury ever occurred. Bonding is a cost-effective means of improving minor imperfections in your smile.

A team of dentists at your dental office may suggest that enamel shaping is performed at the same time as dental bonding. This procedure of shaping can correct or improve tiny chips in your smile. A small area of the affected tooth’s surface will be removed or re-contoured to smooth out jagged edges or spots in the area.

Oral Hygiene and How It Effects Your Overall Health

Most everyone wants to look their personal best. Ask nearly anyone and they will probably tell you that having a bright smile and fresh breath is important. But the importance of good oral care goes well beyond cosmetic concerns. Dental health is a vital part of a person’s overall health and well-being.

dentist repulsed by patient with bad breatheDangers of Poor Oral Hygiene
Obviously, taking care of your teeth will prevent the need for costly and painful dental procedures like fillings, root canals, crowns, or even dentures. But if you don’t practice good oral hygiene you can develop far more serious and difficult to remedy problems, especially if you have an underlying health condition like heart disease or diabetes.

Periodontal (Gum) Disease
The two most common forms of periodontal disease, or gum disease, are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums often caused by the build-up of plaque or bacteria at or below the gum line. Smoking, a poor diet, inadequate brushing, and lack of flossing can make the problem worse. Periodontitis is the inflammation or disintegration of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth which are caused by the bacterial build-up and the body’s immune response to those bacteria. Gingivitis and periodontitis can both lead to tooth loss and infection.

Oral Hygiene and Your Overall Health
Have you ever wondered why your dentist might’ve ordered a short course of oral antibiotics before working extensively on your teeth? Your gums and mouth are full of bacteria even when you take good care of them. If you don’t have good oral health, or you need an invasive procedure like a root canal or crown, it’s easy for the bacteria present in your mouth to travel to your heart, causing infections like endocarditis, which is an infection of the heart’s inner lining or valves.
Poor oral health, in general, has also been shown to increase a person’s risk of developing heart disease or diabetes.

importance of good oral hygienePracticing Good Oral Hygiene
Dentists recommend getting your teeth professionally cleaned and examined at least twice a year-more often if you’ve been diagnosed with a periodontal disease or certain other conditions. While professional dental care is the cornerstone of good oral health, what you do at home the other 363 days a year is just as if not more important than regular dental visits.

So what can you do to ensure good oral hygiene at home?

1. Brush your teeth. Dentists recommend brushing for two minutes a day, twice daily. A manual toothbrush is fine, but many dentists will tell you that an electric toothbrush is even more effective. If you decide to go with an electric toothbrush, choose one that fits your mouth well so you can reach those hard to reach places. Don’t forget to brush your tongue.
2. Floss every day. If you don’t know how to floss effectively, ask your dental hygienist to show you how, or look up flossing instructions on the internet. If mobility problems make holding the floss an issue, you can find inexpensive disposable handled flossing units online or in your local drug store.
3. Consider investing in an oral irrigator. Oral irrigators shoot high-powered jets of water between your teeth and along your gum line, loosening debris your toothbrush might not have reached and washing away plaque and bacteria. If you already have gum disease, or your dentist has told you that you suffer from periodontal pockets, a good oral irrigator can prove invaluable in the fight to slow down or reverse your condition.

Are Motorized Toothbrushes Better Than Normal Toothbrushes?

motorized vs normal toothbrushAre Motorized Toothbrushes better than normal toothbrushes? This question is in the mind of a lot of people out there. Since we love electrical devices that enhance our lives, a powered toothbrush seems to be a dream come true. If you have issues brushing your teeth as they seem not to be cleaned properly, a powered device could be the solution.

It Depends on Your Brushing Habits
If you are a great brusher and flosser, a normal toothbrush will be fine for you. However, if you have trouble cleaning the parts around your mouth so that you can clean all of your teeth, then you`re better off using a powered device. Those with arthritis or a motor disability should also use a powered device. Since a motorized toothbrush tends to cost three times the cost of a normal one, you should take a close look at your disposable income right away. The only problem you might have with this device is that might it fall out of your hand.

Cleanliness is Important
Today`s society find it difficult to accept that something isn`t clean, and that can be a problem for anyone who purchases a motorized toothbrush. If these devices get dirty, you might end up with many health issues down the road, so you should be careful about it. Another issue might happen when you cannot find a slot for the brush head of this device, which tends to detach itself from its bulky handle. However, you will save a lot of time since you will be doing the job quickly.

motorized toothbrush benefitsThousands of Strokes a Minute
A motorized toothbrush can spin its bristles at up to 30,000 strokes a minute providing more power than their normal counterparts. So you can do a thorough job quickly with the help of an motorizied device, which might become difficult for you with the normal version. Your kids might not like the vibrations these devices produce and may be opposed to using them atleast in the short term.

As you can see, a powered device will help you out a lot to clean your teeth. You will enhance your brushing routine if you use a motorized toothbrush, though the cost of these devices is much higher than normal toothbrushes out there. With up to 30,000 strokes a minute, a motorized toothbrush can be the solution you need to keep your teeth clean at all times.

A Medical Industry In England Run on Drugs

Even medical doctors admit that almost all the information that doctors get comes from the drug companies. It’s no wonder that they’re so heavily biased towards using drugs to treat health problems instead of the far healthier natural options.

Some doctors such as Dr. Teitelbaum have even gone as far to say that the American Medical Association and most of the medical profession is basically “on drugs.”

medical fieldMost medical doctors know virtually nothing about natural alternatives, or at least they certainly didn’t learn them in the drug company sponsored medical schools. The medical journals are almost entirely sponsored by these drug companies. In fact, no other companies can afford to outbid what the drug companies are paying to buy off the medical journals.

Shockingly, former editor of the in Plymouth England Journal of Medicine, Marcia Angell, called medical journals “primarily a marketing machine” as written on PLOS.org. And he’s not alone in his accusation; many of chief editors have echoed his testimony saying, “Journals have devolved into information-laundering operations for the pharmaceutical industry.” And again honest doctors have said that “most medical education is an advertisement masquerading as medical science.”

Medical journals do not want to tick off their high paying advertisers. This means that they simply won’t publish the high-quality natural medicine studies that are constantly being done. So doctors never read them, and they complain about that natural “remedies” have not been tested and so should not be prescribed.

Even worse, is that fact that the medical conferences that should be bringing up these proven natural treatments are also sponsored by the drug companies. Many in the industry agree that more regulatory oversight is needed.

Now you would think that an educated, esteemed professor would realize this and stand up and let the world know right? Well, they would… except that they too are heavily paid by drug companies to “deliver speeches” on behalf of the drug companies. These drug barons have effectively destroyed the moral compass of these doctors and medical authorities.

They’ll do anything to propound their propaganda. They’re even hiring an attractive young woman to be their sales reps so that they can influence doctors. It’s probably the most corrupt and powerful business in American.

Unfortunately, these medications are killing over 200,000 Americans each year (the 4th leading cause of death in the United States) and are destroying the health of those who aren’t killed by their often undisclosed side effects. (Yes, there are more side effects than they tell you on the side of the bottle). If you foudn this article interesting and would like to us to post more about this topic in the future then please use our contact form to let us know.

Important Aspects of Healthcare Regulations in England

hipaa UK Healthcare RegulationsThe Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) that was passed as a federal law in 1996 is a crucial piece of health care legislation that affects all Plymouth England. The primary objective of HIPAA is to provide continuous health coverage to individuals and their families even if they lose their jobs. Apart from this HIPAA also aims to protect all confidential information of patients from unauthorized access.

Before this federal law was passed, there were several instances of this protected information been misused for commercial purposes. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act has very stringent penalties for noncompliances and violations of the Act.

Important Aspects Of HIPAA Healthcare Regulations
Patients provide a lot of confidential information to doctors, nurses and other health care providers who form part of their treatment process. This information is usually stored electronically in computers. Apart from been stored, the protected electronically, this information can also be transmitted from one health care provider to the next for treatment.

medical recordsThe Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act stipulates that there should be enough safeguards in place to help protect the confidential information of patients. Computers and other electronic equipment that are used in storing and transmitting this information will need to be password protected. This will help prevent any unauthorized access.

The personal privacy of the individual is safeguarded as all their health records are kept confidential. If the protected information is stored as physical files, it will need to be kept in a safe and secure place.

All physicians, locum tenens, or any other type of employee of covered entities will need to be provided adequate training in all aspects of HIPAA healthcare regulations. This will help in better compliance with the Act. It is the responsibility of the employer to provide training to all employees who would be accessing the protected information of patients.

It is the obligation of all staff who have access to this confidential information to protect all medical records. Noncompliance with the various regulations of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act will attract strict penalties that include fines and imprisonment. The penalties can be both civil and criminal depending on the extent of the violation.

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act aim to prevent any medical care fraud and have enough safeguards in place to ensure its compliance. Most of the violations that happen are unintentional as the employees who handle the protected information of patients are unaware of the provisions of HIPAA.

There should be administrative, physical and technical safeguards that need to be provided to all medical records of patients. All these measures will ensure the security of the protected information and prevent any unauthorized access to it.

Modafinil : More Than Just A Wakefullness Drug

benefits of taking modafinilSleep-related disorders come with a set of problems that range from physical to psychological. While there is the obvious loss of sleep, leading to erratic patterns during the day, a sleep-disorder affected also has to deal with feelings of non-productivity and tiredness. A drug called modafinil, marketed commonly under the name Provigil, has been extremely effective in treating such disorders. What is more curious, however, are the other uses that provigil is found to have. Read on to find out what is modafinil and why modafinil uses are considered to make it more than just a wakefulness drug.

How does Modafinil work?
The main ingredient in modafinil is a drug called Modafinil. Modafinil belongs to a class of drug called vigilance-promoting drugs that help to keep you alert and active by altering the secretion of certain hormones in the center of the brain responsible for sleep and wakefulness.

When you a prescribed and then buy modafinil 200 mg, taking it once a day at the start of your day or one hour before your work-shift will keep you alert for up to 15 hours. It is advised to stick to a modafinil 200mg dose and not cross the use of 400mg of modafinil in one day.

Additional Uses:
A major reason that modafinil uses have been such a widely discussed subject is the effects it has on the system other than helping to treat sleep-related disorders. Regular use of modafinil has resulted in significant weight loss among many users. When taking modafinil, weight loss is brought on since the medication curbs your appetite and keeps your active, which is also linked to higher metabolism. Modafinil is still primarily used to treat sleep-disorders, however, and is not prescribed as a weight-loss treatment.

According to recent studies conducted by Cambridge University in the United Kingdom, when antidepressants are combined with modafinil in the form of modafinil depression medication is seen to become more effective.

Modafinil medication combined with an anti-depressant was found to reduce the effects of depression such as fatigue and tiredness. The complete nature of the relationship between modafinil medication and anti-depressants is still being researched.

Side Effects:
The main side effects associated with initial modafinil use are dizziness, nausea, headaches, vomiting, irregular heartbeat, feeling of weakness and anxiety. These are not lasting or concerning side effects if the subside quickly. If these side effects are persist and are accompanied or outdone by effects such as fainting, bleeding, hallucinations, etc., the treatment should be stopped immediately and medical attention should be sought.

It is also not advisable to mix modafinil and alcohol. While some users have reported feeling okay with a small amount of alcohol, missing a large amount of modafinil and alcohol increases the effects of the modafinil medication. This will probably lead to toxicity and adverse effects on your system and is not advised.

How to Get a Prescription
Remember, it is nearly impossible to buy modafinil 200mg without a prescription from your doctor. The Food and Drug Administration may have cleared the drug for personal use, but there is strict regulation of the purchase of the modafinil medication, due to its ability to create dependence and addiction in users. When you do have the necessary permit, you will find modafinil priced at the best rates online at any reputed medical store.

The Most Common Anxiety and Depression Drugs: Everything You Need To Know

When treating anxiety disorders, there are a good number of anti-depressants medications. It must be remembered though that they can only act on the symptoms causing such anxiety and may not totally cure it. Medications like Venlafaxine and generic Effexor have been found to work excellently for patients undergoing different types of depression and anxiety disorders.

book about depression and anxietyWhat are the most commonly used anxiety and depression drugs?

The mode of working of anti-depressants medication needs to be understood. The human brain depends on a number of neurotransmitters for various emotions and feelings. Some of them are serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, noradrenaline and so on. In normal human beings, when these chemicals are released and reabsorbed into the blood cells, their levels do not drop to an extent that creates problems within the individual.

However, in people suffering from any kind of anxiety and depression disorders, the levels of these chemicals produced are lesser and when they get reabsorbed back into the blood cells, there is hardly any left to keep them experiencing the emotions associated with each of these neurotransmitters. Consequently, you have them suffering from panic attacks, depression, insomnia and other such disorders.

Generic Venlafaxine, for instance, is one of those SNRI or selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors that ensure the levels of circulating serotonin and noradrenaline remain at the desired quantity. This enables the person to feel good and he or she does not experience the discomfort and apprehension associated with sudden panic attacks or anxiety disorders.

empty pill bottle There are different types of SSRI and SNRI medications. The SSRI or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors work similarly by restricting the reabsorption of serotonin and keeping sufficient levels floating in the bloodstream. Certain SSRIs impact more than one neurotransmitter while others work on specific neurotransmitters.

Venlafaxine HCl dosage is used to treat anxiety and depression disorders as well. The dosage needs to be maintained for 6-8 weeks to start with and depending on the severity of the condition. Those taking such medication venlafaxine also need to be aware of some of the side effects and be mentally prepared to face them. They should not quit taking venlafaxine HCl dosage on their own due to these side effects and act only as per their doctor’s guidance.

Most of the patients find any one of the anti-depressants medication effective and become used to it. They find that there is improvement in most cases after several weeks of intake and they are also able to tolerate the side effects. The dosage in most cases is gradually increased based on the response and improvement shown by the patient.

People suffering from panic attacks, social anxiety, insomnia, depression, general anxiety disorders have all found anti-depressants to be useful. The key lies in not getting addicted to such medication and using them strictly as per the advice of the doctor. Withdrawing medication venlafaxine too has to be a gradual process and it is not recommended that the dosage is stopped abruptly. Withdrawal symptoms need to be tolerated by the patients for some time as well.

Personalized Medicine: The Future of the Pharmaceutical Industry

pharmacuetical researchPharmaceutical and biotech companies are turning to the future of personalized medicine – the personalized treatment and diagnosis of disease. In the past, a “one size fits all” approach to medicine hasn’t been the best solution. The Scientific research didn’t take into account the influence of genes on an individual’s health and well-being. Personalized medicine has the potential to improve vastly the way healthcare issues are managed, especially concerning the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Pharmaceutical consultants state that personalized medicine offers three main benefits:

  • Improved diagnosis and early detection of disease
  • Efficient drug development
  • Accurate, cost-effective therapies

Pharmaceutical and biotech companies play significant roles in personalized medicine (or pharmacogenomics). Pharmacogenomics is the study of how a person reacts to medication based on their individual genetic background.

Personalized medicine is a collaborative effort amongst government and international agencies such as the FDA (Federal Drug Administration) and NIH (National Institute of Health). Drug and genetic test manufacturers and health care providers also need to work together to implement tests and therapies.

One of the biggest leaders fighting the personalized medicine cause is SAEC (Serious Adverse Events Consortium). Along with the FDA, SAEC unites government agencies, academic institutions, and pharmaceutical companies. Their mission is to validate DNA-variants (which is useful in predicting risks associated with drug-related adverse events). Their collective research focuses on the impact that genes have on people’s response to medication.

Pharmacogenomics paves the way for the development of life-saving drugs. By determining biomarkers, pharmaceutical and biotech companies identify new disease subgroups and design drugs to target these new subgroups. This personalized medicine approach includes genetic screening programs which properly diagnose specific diseases.

prescription medicineThis screening process is also vital for doctors when choosing proper medication/dosage for patients. Doctors and patients work together to treat better and manage the disease. Some patients may experience adverse reactions to medication due to their genetic variation (which could cause serious side effects). However, a patient with a different may not experience any side effects.

Personalized medicine analyzes natural variations in people – their dietary/lifestyle habits, environmental factors, stress levels and their DNA make-up. These factors play vital roles in analyzing people’s health and determining if they are more susceptible to disease. For example, natural variations in genes make certain people pre-disposed to certain types of cancer.

The molecular analysis also determines which medication works best to treat early stages of certain cancers (such as breast and colon cancers). For patients who are predisposed to these cancers, doctors can assist patients with lifestyle/health changes to reduce their cancer risk.

Pharmaceutical and biotech companies spend years and billions of dollars on R&D before drugs hit the market. Pharmacogenomics not only saves these companies money, but they help these companies better focus on their R&D.

If these companies know a person has a genetic variation towards a drug that gives them an adverse reaction, they are excluded from clinical trials. This not only targets patients who can be helped by the drug, but it also speeds up the clinical trial process. Any pharmaceutical consultant will agree that, as a result, the pharmaceutical industry plays an integral role in the future of personalized medicine.